See also Africa: Texts and Sources


  • Arhin, Kwame The Political and Military Roles of Akan Women, in Oppong, Christine ed. Female  and Male in West Africa G. Allen and Unwin London 1983  (notes) 

  • Arhin, Kwame, Traditional Rule in Ghana, Past and Present, SEDCO, ISBN 9964 72 033 5 no date.
  • Arhin, Kwame and Kwadwo Afari-Gyan (eds.) The City of Kumasi Handbook, Past, Present and Future, Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana, 1992.


  • Austin, Gareth. "Human Pawning in Asante, 1800-1950: Markets and Coercion, Gender and Cocoa." In Pawnship in Africa: Perspectives on Debt Bondage. Ed. Toyin Falola and Paul E. Lovejoy. Boulder: Westview Press, 1993: 119-159


  • Bowdich, T. E., Mission From Cape Coast to Ashantee 1819


  • Fuller, F. A., Vanished Dynasty: Ashanti, Frank Cass  1921        


  • Fynn, J.K., Asante and Its Neighbours, 1700-1807, Longman 1971 (notes)


  • Garrard, Timothy F. Akan Weights and the Gold Trade,     London: Longman, 1980.


  • Hutton, William, A voyage to Africa, London, 1821
  • Klein, A Norman, The Two Asantes, Competing Interpretations of "Slavery" in Akan-Asante Culture and Society, in Lovejoy, Paul. E, (ed.) The Ideology of Slavery in Africa


  • Lee, Mrs. R. (Mrs. T. Edward Bowdich), Stories of Strange Lands, London, 1835


  • Sarpong, Peter Kwasi, The Ceremonial Horns of the Ashanti, SEDCO, 1990 ISBN 9964 72 043 2
  • Wilks, Ivor. Forests of gold : essays on the Akan and the Kingdom of Asante Athens : Ohio University Press, 1993.
  • Concerning historical Asantewho appear in the novel

  •  Wilks, Ivor:  Konadu Yaadom  
  •  Wilks, Ivor: Koranten Pete
  • Agyeman-Duah, J, Uproar in the Kumase Council of Chiefs, 1777.  Asantesem, VIII (1977) 43-4


  • Fynn, J. K., Osei Kwadwo (1740/49 - 1777  ruled 1764-77) in the Dictionary Of  African Biography, The  Encyclopaedia Africana, Reference Publications, NY 1977 ( notes) 


  • Hutton, William, A voyage to Africa, London, 1821


  • McCaskie, T. C., Konnurokusem, Kinship and Family in the History of the Oyoko Kokoo Dynasty of Kumase, Journal of African History, Vol 36, 1996 No 3. 357-389
  • Conflict Resolution inTraditional Africa
  • Prof. George Ayittey, American University

    'The History of theAshanti Kings and the Whole Country Itself' and other  writings of Agyeman Prempeh. Edited by E. Akyeampong, A. AduBoahen, N. Lawler, T.C. McCaskie & I. Wilks. British Academy FontesHistoriae Africanae New Series No.6.  ISBN0-19-726261-9 early 2003?

    Aning Ben A, A HistoricalSurvey of Music in Ghana (In Maggie Dodds (ed) History of Ghana, American WomensAssociation, Accra 1974)

    Anti, A. A., Kumase inthe eighteenth and nineteenth century, 1700-1900, Accra 1996 ISBN 9988 7564 0 2  

    Asantesem/Asante Seminars

    Asantesem Bulletin #1 March 1975

    Asantesem Bulletin #2 April 1975

    Asantesem Bulletin #3 June 1975

    Asantesem Bulletin #4 June 1977

    Asantesem Bulletin #5 June 1977

    Asantesem Seminar #6 December 1976

    Asantesem Bulletin #7 June 1977

    Asantesem Bulletin #8 March 1978

    Asantesem Bulletin #9 June 1978

    Asantesem Bulletin #10 January 1979

    Asantesem Bulletin #11 July 1979

    Beecham, John, Ashantee andthe Gold Coast 1841

    Chazan, Naomi, The Asante Case,in Eisenstadt, S.N et al The Early State in African Perspective Leiden Brill1988

    Daaku, K.Y., Trade andTrading patterns of the Akan in the 17th and 18th Centuries (in ClaudeMeillassoux (ed).The Development of Trade and Markets in West Africa, Int AfrInst)

    Daaku., K Y, Osei Tutuof Asante Heinemann

    Daaku, K Y, Trade and Politicsin the Gold Coast 16001720 Oxford 1970 Danquah, J.B., The Akan Doctrine ofGod, Cass, 1968

    Dickson, Kwamina B., AHistorical Geography of Ghana, CUP 1969

    Freeman, R A, Travels and Life in Ashanti and Jaman 1898

    Freeman, Thomas Birch Visits to Ashanti 1843

    Fynn, J.K., The Structure ofGreater Asante - Another View JHSG XV(1) 1974

    Fynn, J.K., The Reign andTimes of Kusi Obodum 1750-64 Trans Hist Soc of Ghana

    Kyeremanteng, A A Y,Kingship and ceremony in Ashanti

    Kyeremanteng, A A Y, Panoply of Ghana

    Kyeremanteng, A A Y, Regalia for an Ashantidurbar

    Kyeretwie, K O Bonsu, Ashanti HeroesWaterville/OUP 1964

    McCaskie TC, The AsanteEmpire and its Northern Neighbours 1700-1874 MA thesis

    McCaskie TC State and Society in Pre-ColonialAsante CUP

    McLeod, Malcolm, T E Bowdich: an earlycollector in West Africa

    Meredith, H, An account of the Gold Coast ofAfrica London 1812

    Opoku, A. A.., Festivals of Ghana, Accra, 1970

    Obeng, Ernest E., Ancient Ashanti Chieftancy,Ghana Publishing Corporation, 1988

    Schildkrout, E ed., The Golden Stool: studies of the Asante center and peripheryAmer Mus Nat Hist 1987 Anthropological Papers Vol 65

    Shinnie, Peter and Ama, Early Asante, Dept ofArchaeology, The University of Calgary, 1995. 20pp

    Reports archaeological evidence of the presence of towns in the forest from at least one thousand years ago.

    Swithenbank, M, AsanteAbakosem: The Traditional Architecture of Ashanti (in Ashanti Research Project,First Conference, May 17-20, 1963) Inst. of African Studies, Legon.

    Tufuor, J. W and C. E.Donkor, Ashantis of Ghana:  People with a Soul, Anowuo EducationalPublications, 1989

    Wilks, Ivor, AshantiGovernment, (in Forde & Kaberry (eds), West African Kingdoms in the 19c,Longman 1967)

    Wilks, Ivor, 1995Aggrey-Fraser-Guggisberg Memorial lectures, University of Ghana, Legon

    Wilks, Ivor, Asante policy towards the Hausa trade in thenineteenth century (in Claude Meillassoux, (ed) The Development of Trade andMarkets in West Africa, Int Afr Inst + OUP 1971)

    Wilks Ivor, Asante inthe 19th Century, Cambridge

    Wilks, Ivor, AshantiGovernment in the 19th Century. Draft Paper no. 3. Inst. of Afr. St. Legon May1964

    Wilks, Ivor and M.Priestley, The Ashanti Kings in the 18th century: a revised chronology Jour AfrHist Vol 1 No 1 1960

    Wilks, I, On Mentally Mapping Greater Asante: AStudy of Time and Motion Jour Afr Hist 33 (1992) pp 175190

    Wilks, I, The Northern Factor in Ashanti HistoryLegon 1967 (p 14 for Dagomba tribute to Asante)

    Wilks, Ivor, She who blazed the trailAkyaawa Yekwan of Asante (1774-1834) Romero, Patrician W ed., in Life Historiesof African Women London 1988

    Wilks, I, Various Asantebiographies in Asantesem particularly Konadu Yaadom, 1752-1809 AsantehemaaAsantesem 11 July 1979 pp 5-13